Wells Next The Sea – Now And Then

Wells Next The Sea – Now And Then

I discovered an old book that has my Great Grandmother’s name in it, the book is a Jarrolds Illustrated Guide to Wells and the surrounding area. It’s probably from about 1900, though I suspect the photos are earlier. I thought it would be interesting to take it on holiday and compare Wells now and how it was then.

old wells book 001

Clara YarhamThis is Clara, my Great Grandmother who owned the guide book. She was born in Wighton in 1883, and when she and Sidney married in 1903 they moved up north. That’s why I think the guide was from around this time, although some of the photos look older as there are no cars, only horse and carts in some of the photos.








This is one of my photos of Wells last week, looking towards the granary which is now luxury flats. I remember large Dutch boats being filled with grain down a hopper from the end of the building, I can smell and taste the dust now.

Wells quay

Here is the harbour from the guide book, the granary was built in 1903 so this photo must be earlier.

old wells

The  Boathouse in Jarrold’s Guide

oldwells2 001How it looks today. My grandparents used to like to sit here and watch the boats go by eating their fish and chips.  I sampled both French’s and Platten’s last week and both were very good, I still remember Mr French chatting with my family, there aren’t many Norfolk accents about now.


The trees are a lot bigger on the Buttlands today, the houses still look much the same.

oldwells3 001

I didn’t take a photo of the Buttlands this year, this one is from the ’60’s, I worked out from the entrance it’s outside The Globe Inn on the Buttlands.a drink outside The Globe

Other places featured in Jarrod’s guide include Burnham Overy Staithe.
Burnham Overy Staithe

oldwells4 00z

BlakeneyBlakeney hotel


Blakeney has changed quite a lot.oldblakeney 001

So has the marsh around Cley Mill.

Cley windmill

It’s full of reeds now but then it had to be navigable.oldcley 001I had to include this old picture of cockle pickers. We picked our own cockles every year and samphire from the marshes, these were cooked and served with bread and butter and vinegar for supper, they did taste good.

oldwells4 001This is me and my Grandpa, Clara’s son, outside Reggie and Noel’s ( Grandpa’s cousins) cottages where we stayed every summer.

me and grandpa at Reggie and NoelsThis is how it looks now, the cottages have been modernised and there is a concrete path instead of the cockle shell path that crunched to let you know someone was there. That in itself brings back a memory of the noise made by the door when it opened, the bottom used to catch and it made the letterbox rattle.Reggie and Noels

I have very fond memories long summer days in Wells in the mid 60’s and 70’s, and Uncle Reggie and Noel waving us off from the top of the steps when we left for home. I still give them a nod when I pass by, even though they are no longer with us.

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , | 5 Comments

Saggar fired raku pots

There is nothing more rewarding than venturing into unknown territory, and then having an end result way beyond what you imagined.

That’s what happened yesterday with my saggar fired raku pots.

My pots were poured with ferric chloride solution which was left over from my copper etching attempts. Then wrapped in aluminium foil to make a saggar. This pot had some copper wire, grass seeds, salt and a fir cone inside, I think I can see some cardamoms in there too.


I put some china paint on this one, no salt or wire. I forgot to photograph the third pot but it had, copper wire, salt, cloves and cut up pieces of metal pan scrub.P1430264The garden incinerator was used to fire the pots, they had already been bisque fired in my electric kiln. P1430266Ready to go.
P1430268Once the charcoal was alight it was time to put on the lid. We watched it the whole time and had buckets of water and a hose pipe ready should they be needed.
P1430273When the charcoal had just about burnt out the pots were lifted out, I thought the colours were a bit pale but at least the pots were in one piece.
P1430277As the pots cooled the colours developed, it was fascinating to watch the browns appear on the pots as they cooled, this pot is unwaxed just as it came out the bin.

The wax enhanced the colours even more, I actually did a little woo hoo at this point. P1430294These are the waxed pots, the china paint went black probably because of the ash sticking to the flux in the enamel but it still looks quite interesting. I’m unsure why there is a light line running down the pot, all I can think is it’s where the edge of the foil was.
raku vaseThe fir cone left some marks inside the pot.
raku potThis is my favourite pot, I love the brown wiggly lines from the pan scrubber, and the black lines from the copper wire, and the lovely texture inside from the salt. So much to look at, and so tactile.
raku bowlAnd here is my little group with pride of place on my sideboard.P1430313I can’t wait to fire some more today. 🙂

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , , , , , | 3 Comments

RSPB Titchwell- Avocets

On a bright and blustery June day we headed off to Titchwell on the Coasthopper bus which stops right next to the reserve. I was particularly hoping to see Avocets, and maybe a Spoonbill, or a Bearded Tit which have eluded me so far.

I got lucky with the Avocets but not the other 2. In fact there were far more Avocets than I could have dreamed of so  I’m afraid this post has Avocet overload 🙂

There is a Godwit in amongst the avocets in this photo; I think it may be a black tailed variety. I found a great video to help with identification.AvocetsThe Avocet was extinct in Britain until the 1940’s. It’s now the iconic emblem of the RSPB.
P1420701Their beaks are perfectly formed tools to filter through the shallow muddy pools in search of food.
AvocetA Coot family, I didn’t know the chicks had red heads.
CootIt’s easy to tell a Coot from a Moorhen as the Coot has a white beak and facial shield, the Moorhen has a red beak and facial shield, and is smaller.
P1420579We were lucky to have several sightings of Marsh Harriers all along the coast.
P1420576I love Great Crested Grebe’s they are so elegant and fun to watch, when they are courting they perform what could be described as a water ballet.Greater crested grebeLittle Gull, this was fun to watch, it jumped up and down a lot, probably looking for food.
Little gull
P1420720A Stonechat
P1420735I hoped to see Water Voles on the fresh water pools , I wasn’t that lucky buy I was entertained by Damselflies.
DamselflyAlso Chasers which are very aptly named, they went so fast it was very hard to photograph them.
P1420622Then down onto the beach for a stroll but it was so windy we were sandblasted.
P1420738We saw several birds that are on the red list of endangered species, sadly there are 67 on the list. But it’s encouraging to know that this can be turned around and RSPB and the success story of the Avocet leaves me feeling very hopeful for the future.
So here are a few more Avocet photos to end on, they have inspired me and I hope to feature them on my pots before too long.

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

North Norfolk Coastal Walk

Last week we walked 50 miles along the ‘North Norfolk Coastal Path’ from Hunstanton to Cromer. The route is actually 45miles but there were a few detours, and we missed out some sections. Being based in Wells Next The Sea meant the path was easily accessible. We also used the fantastic Coasthopper bus that runs every half hour to enable us to go further afield, or retun to Wells in an evening, or when rain stopped play.

Paths are well kept, and the landscape very flat so it was easy walking.

Day 1 – Wells to Burnham Overy Staithe.

We walked to Burnham Overy Staithe and back that’s about 15 miles on the first day.
P1420163From the quay we headed along to the beach, as you can see the tide was right out and the channel almost dry. You can see the lifeboat shed in the distance.

P1420168 I always get excited when I have my first vist to the beach each time I return to Wells. I used to spend a few weeks in Wells every year when I was growing up so I have lots of very fond memories. The beach huts are still there but it would cost you £45,000 to £60,000 to buy one.
P1420176There is a sandhill sea defence which is covered in pine trees; we took the path through the pine woods to Holkham going, and came back via the beach.
P1420181There was so much wildlife to see, this is a Burnet moth. I remember one year there was a plague of ladybirds when we were at the beach, it was hard swimming in the sea as the water was covered in them.
P1420188There was a lot of bird life, including oyster catchers, grey heron, buzzards, kestrel, reed warbler, egret, black headed gulls.  We also saw a grey squirrel, and blue butterflies.
P1420194Wild orchids growing abundantly; the air was perfumed with honeysuckle and dog roses in places.
P1420196This is were we intended to leave the trail and head up to Holkham but as the weather was so good we stayed on the beach a while then continued on to Burnham Overy Staithe.
P1420197I even had a paddle, I can’t resist the water. It was warm, just as I remembered it to be.
P1420264Beautiful Holkham beach, the perfect place to relax.
P1420190Then onwards to Burnham, we hadn’t walked this stretch before.
P1420198There was time for refreshments at The Hero pub, named after Lord Nelson.

Then we retraced our footsteps back to Wells in time for a fish supper.P1420147

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Seal Trip to Blakeney Point

One of the highlights of our holiday last week was a seal trip to Blakeney Point. We walked along the coastal path to Blakeney stopping on the way to have lunch at The Anchor pub in Morston; the crab salad was delicious. While we were there, and as the tide time was perfect, we decided to have a trip to Blakeney Point with Temples to see the seals.

Following a short wait for the water to rise enough to lift the boat we were off. The crew were very informative, and entertaining too.

Blakeney Point is a sea spit formed by longshore drift, this is the old lifeboat shed which used to be at the end of the spit but now it’s still quite a distance to the point.P1420346Both Grey and Common seals can be found at Blakeney, it’s mostly Common seals in the summer months and the Grey’s have their pups in November and December. You can find out how to identify which is which here.  These are mostly Grey seals.

I’m not going to say any more,just enjoy the photos.P1420372





Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Postcards from World War 1

A letter or card from home must have been so uplifting during the horror of war. This was sent to Charles, it must have lifted his spirits knowing those at home were thinking of him.
postcard from home

postcard 1916These are cards that he sent home to his daughter Lizzie. I was amused at the glitter messages, maybe a local crafter had a small business going 🙂

C R Nicolson ww1 diary 018I get a lump in my throat reading these, just a Daddy writing to his darling daughter.
C R Nicolson ww1 diary 019 w

C R Nicolson ww1 diary 020

It’s so sad that he didn’t return home for good, his daughter only knew him for 7 years but never forgot him, she kept his memory alive, I feel I need to do the same as it’s 100th anniverary of his death this year.C R Nicolson ww1 diary 021

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

So what was new in May

That’s another month gone, where is this year going? It’s flying by, which wouldn’t matter if felt I’d achieved a lot but this month, I know I’ve been busy but I can’t think what I’ve done apart from making beads and jewellery components and playing with the wheel.

I bought some new low fire glazes to try out, I think you can achieve brighter colours with low fire glazes.

I love these jewel colour glazes

Ceramic beadsBut I also like the soft pastel ones too, which are your favourite?

ceramic beads charms pendantsI bought some underglazes and after a lot of procrastination I finally bit the bullet and painted a seascape on one of my pots. I think the colours will come out darker than I intended but I will only know when it’s fired. I’d like this pot to be matt but I have a feeling it will become shiny if I fire to stoneware temperatures, so I have glazed the inside with a low fire glaze and I will see how it comes out at a lower firing temperature. The clay I’m using can be fired to earthenware or stoneware temperatures.
P1410923It was inspired by a visit to Bosta beach on Lewis last summer.

I wonder if maybe the effect I want would be better achieved using terra siligata, or I could use matt overglazes on an already fired pot. I feel a bit precious about firing 3 or 4 times when I’ve put so much into making the pot. I know it’s silly really.  I will have to try out all the various ways of decorating a pot with a matt finish seascape and compare the results.


I think my horizon line should have been a little higher but there was so much to think about when doing something I’ve never done before I forgot to pay attention.P1410925I threw my largest pot to date yesterday, it was going to be a yarn bowl but OH thought it would be a better size for his porridge in the morning. Ah well I will have another attempt at a yarn bowl. I need to try using one as I’m not convinced that they will actually work, maybe a yarn vase would be a better idea. If you use a yarn bowl I’d love to know if they work.

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments

Life as a WW 1 Soldier

Life as a WW1 soldier

Charles Robert Nicholson was in the Pioneer Corps. Reading through his diaries he spent most of his time road repairing, cleaning up, digging and revetting trenches. I suppose this would suit a coal miner used to manual work.

The other entries comment on the fighting, it’s hard to imagine that these soldiers were doing this work under fire from the enemy.
C R Nicolson ww1 diary 012

9th 15th July 1916
Sergt. Major returned
9th Left Maillay 9am for Harpenville. Through No Man’s Land. 4 wounded in Maillay.
10th Slept in an orchard all night on grass. Left Harpenville for Alberture. V Coy. 2 killed 12 wounded. 1000 prisoners. In a motor car collision.
11th Road making at Albert. Capt Noyes killed. Sergt Crosby missing. 23 hospital shell shock. X Coy. W York’s 36 reported took Monday Woods.
12th Removed from Albert to Malincourt 1.35pm. Arrived 7pm. Left again 10pm
13th For Happy Valley near Fricourt , arrived 3am. Heavy bombardment. Charge 3.30 am, Bengal Lancers.
14th West York’s Kings own York’s. & drove back 3 miles took 8000 prisoners. Somme Valley 2nd advance.
15th Captured Freicourt Town, Malincourt wood village.

16th – 22nd July 1916
16th Advanced 7 miles. Captured Duke Michaelsburg
17th & Duke of Gothenburg. & all staff in No Man’s Land. 2000 prisioners. Gas & liquid shells. Coy. Making trenches.
18th Left Happy Valley 9am for Deaths Valley.
19th Making Dug out. Captured V Mametz Wood capt?. British advanced.
Bantams Notts Derby charged.
20th British & French advanced 500 pris. brought down. W Coy. Out 24 hours.
21st. Left Deaths valley for Maricourt next Frie..
V captured & wood.
C5 German brought down.
22nd Attack. Hy. Bom. Advanced 2 miles.
Camp Hy. Shelled.

I have a couple of photos of Charles in France that he sent home to his wife.
This photo gives the illusion that life wasn’t so bad, I suppose a bit of fooling around, football matches etc made life bearable. Charles is in the back row by the door, with the moustache. I wonder how many of these lads survived the war.

This is Charles with the Captain’s horse Capitulation. I think he would have loved horses having come from Middleham, a horse racing/ training community in Yorkshire.

C R Nicholson Capitulation

Excerpt from Historical Records 19th Battalion N. Fusiliers

9.7.16 The Battalion marched at 9.15 am via Forceville and Varennes to Harponville and arrived there at 11.30 am. No billets available. Troops bivouacked in orchard.

10.7.16 At1.15pm the Battalion left Harponville for Albert by motor vehicles and billeted. Transport left 2pm and arrived 4pm. Companies began work on the Albert – Bapaumeroad at La Boisselle. The section of the road worked on cut through the old British line, No Man’s Land, and German front line and was in a very bad state. A ‘courderoy’ diversion of 130yards was necessary due to the craters. Companies worked in 5 hour reliefs. Enemy artillery active and fairly accurate. Several casualties.

11.7.16 Captain TRAH Noyes was killed in action whilst serving as second in command of X coy, also Lt Sgt Crosby T. At 2pm W had to withdraw from the work owing to the increased artillery fire, from, and greater accuracy of the enemy. At 4pm X relieved W and the enemy dropped many shells on the work. Despite heavy casualties all ranks worked magnificently.

12.7.16 Ordered to rejoin 35th Division and to do no work on 12th July.

13.7.16 Battalion left Albert 2pm and marched via Meaulte to Morloncourt and billeted. At 10.15 pm the Pioneers again marched and bivouacked in Happy Valley near Bray. At 1am 14th July prepare to move at any time after 3.30 am 14,7.16

14.7.16 No orders received re advance Battalion still Bivouaced.

!8.7.16 Weather dull & showery. Orders received at 10.30pm that Battalion had to move next morning.

19.7.16 At 9.30 am left for special work at Arrow Head Copse.

20.7.16 Enemy artillery active on Maricout and surroundings. At 4pm word was received from W that good work had been done. The infantry had been badly knocked about and the Pioneers were manning the trench they had dug overnight. The company returned late that night.

21.7.16 Orders received at 5am that Battalion would move to a valley near Carnoy & occupy dugouts. Battalion moved at 9.30 am.

22.7.16 Companies worked on roads in Trones Wood, worked in conjuction with French 6th Army.

23.7.16 Weather fine. Enemy shelled valley at intervals.

24.7.16 W & Z worked on Fawcus Post between Bernafay Wood and Trones Wood, also on a fine position near crossroads at SW corner of Bernafay Wood. Transport moved back to near Happy Valley.

25.7.16 W wired Dawson Trench and completed 560 yards. W & X improved Dawson trench, hard digging in chalk. Several casualties.

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Thoughts turn to gardening

Summer has arrived, well, we have had 2 days of sunshine here but it doesn’t usually last long in my part of the world. So I’m going to make the most of it this afternoon and do some gardening.

Last night OH and I took a stroll around the garden looking at how it has developed since we moved in.

The weather conditions play a large part in what I grow, it’s always windy, wet most of the year and if the sun does come out it becomes quite dry because of the trees. I go with what grows allowing things to self seed and try to keep the garden semi wild in parts. We have a lot of birds, including owls and woodpeckers, also bats, rabbits, weasel, hedgehog and red squirrels visit from time to time, the garden is alive with wood mice and voles now we no longer have a cat.

It’s not an easy garden to work with, it’s on 4 sides but a lot of the areas are narrow, or on a slope, or shallow stony banks.

This is the only patch of grass left, the border on the left was almost entirely dug out last autumn so I’m looking forward to seeing it bloom this year.

This is the area behind the studio, it has flourished since the studio was built, now protected from the wind it’s my secret garden. This area is raised by about 3 feet, on a slope and backs onto a field so it had hawthorn, holly and other hedge planting. I’ve added the choisya, buddleia for the butterflies and a  red leafed elder, Sambucus Niger, it looks as lovely as an acer but it can stand up to the climate here, and the blossom is very pretty too.

The choisya used to get burned terribly by the wind but now it’s sheltered it’s thriving.


One of the many hawthorns, the birds love it. I kind of like it’s rather unusual smell, it brings back memories of childhood. ‘Never cast a clout until the may is oot’


I have a narrow border at the front, in full sun, when it shines so I have exploited this and made a hot border, with orange yellow , red and shocking pink flowers including day lilies and sedum which the bees and butterflies adore. We laid all the slate shillies ourselves, there were a lot of barrow loads. Someone commented it looked like a car park when we first did it , but now the plants are established I love it. I will show you some photos when it’s in bloom. On the other side of the fence is what I call my ‘hanging rock garden’ this was all brambles when we came, now it’s a low maintenance rock garden, it’s on a slope with a drop of 4 feet to the road so working on it can be a challenge. I think some of the plants are needing replacing now, the lavender bushes are all woody and they flop over when the wind pick up.


This is my herb garden, everything is thriving as we have had a couple of mild winters, the bay is getting too big but a blackbird is nesting in there now so trimming will have to wait.

P1410869There is a long  border down the drive, it’s shallow rocky soil, it’s very dry because of the trees so I tend to let things like the geraniums and ferns foxgloves and cow parley take over.

P1410903This is my woodland corner, the bluebells have gone over now , the hostas are looking great.P1410877The rhododendrons do struggle but the flowers are quite lovely, in the words of ‘Uncle Monty’ in Withnail and I, they are ‘tarts for the bees’P1410873

Considering the garden was mostly ivy, trees, grass and brambles I think it has improved over the years. I’m battling on especially with the ivy but it sustains more species of wildlife than any other native plant according to a wildlife gardening book I have so it’s not all bad.

Now I’m off to do a bit of weeding.


Posted in kiln fired art | 2 Comments

World War 1 Diary – The Days Before France

The World War 1 Diary of Lance Corporal Charles Robert Nicholson

It’s almost 100 years since my Great Grandfather gave his life for King and Country. I always spent Remembrance Sunday with my Gran, his daughter, we watched the service at the Cenotaph and we had a ‘posh’ lunch.

Although she was only 7 when he died she kept his memory alive and I feel it is my duty to do the same, for both of them. So over the next few weeks I shall be sharing pages from his diary, factual records from the Historical Record of his Battalion, photos from the Great War, postcards he sent home etc.

Here he is with his wife and daughter Lizzie, who was my Gran, you can read an earlier post here
charles r nicholsonI have followed his journey from enlisting in Jesmond to his death on 14th July 1917, and with the aid of a scanner I have been able to read parts of his diaries that were illegible before. There’s a typical page from his diary here

Let’s start at the beginning:

C R Nicolson photo1Lce. Cpl. Charles Robert Nicholson.

No. 2, A Company, 19th Service Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers.
Enlisted at Newcastle on Tyne on 16th November 1914.
Age 34 years 7 months.
For the declaration of the war.
Born in the parish of Middleham, County of Yorkshire.
Trade- miner.
Last permanent address:  Ivy Terr
Height: 5’ 71/2”
Religion: NC
Wife : Lily Nicholson
Child : Elizabeth Nicholson





He kept diaries throughout his training and during the war, they aren’t extensive but I am able to pad out the facts he has given using a copy of his Battalion’s Historical Records.

C R Nicolson ww1 diaries

Historical Records 19th Battalion Ntld Fus

The Days Before France

Transcript taken from Historical Records of the 19Th (Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers

Chapter 1.

“On 17th November 1914, sanction was received from the War Office to from 19th ( Service) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers, and recruiting was completed within a few days  on 24th November headquarters were set up at 20 Osborne Ave, Jesmond. The issue of uniforms began, the long company parades in Osborne Ave and Holly Ave were a sight never to be forgotten, and much humour was associated with civilian clothes and the odd splash of khaki. Throughout the whole existence of the Battalion verbal parodies of orders could be heard in billets, camps and bivouacs or on the march. Much pungent satire sparkled in a brief effort to relieve the monotony. This was a time of enthusiasm and ambition, parades were held and a band was formed.

The whole Battalion was entertained that Christmas by a variety show at the Hippodrome. Several choruses learnt that day relieved the tedium of many route marches around Benton Gosforth and the North Road.

The 12th January 1915 was a memorable day. Most men lived at home and travelled daily to Newcastle for training. This was their last day in Newcastle as thet moved to Morpeth on the 13th. The route march had finished and the men waited for the reading of Battalion orders for details of the move. They had expected to be dismissed early for their last night at home for a while, but a hitch had occurred. Discipline held the men and they stood fast. Within 2 minutes of the end of orders being read Osborne Ave was deserted.

The Battalion marched to Central Station via Jesmond Rd and Northumberland St, the men were all in good spirits. The Battalion entered billets A company occupied council schools, B St Georges church and Catholic church. C the Drill Hall, and D the grammar school, and lodging house.

Morpeth and Cottingwood commons were used for drill purposes. The as yet rifle-less companies were given musket training.

From 8th February the Battalion was converted into a Pioneer unit with the title 22nd Tyneside Pioneers” Orders to work on the land north of Morpeth were frequently given. The miners came into their own in digging and general pioneer work. There was keen competition amongst sections and a healthy rivalry persisted. Night operations were frequent despite chilly nights.

On 28th April, a hot day, all companies marched to Seaton Sluice to take over rifles from the 5th Battalion N. F. 600 rifles were selected and the troops were very proud of their weapons as they marched back to Morpeth. But the weapons soon became very heavy.

Sports played an important role, and inter platoon matches were frequent. At Easter Battalion sports were held. Relatives journeyed for to see the program of events.

During their stay in Morpeth all ranks were made welcomed by the locals, who later sent parcels to France as a tribute of good feeling that existed.

On 14th May the 19th N. F. moved to Cramlington. Parades were strenuous training. Concerts were held in camp to relieve training.

On 16th June the Battalion entrained at Cramlington enroute for Masham, Yorkshire. Training continued including building a bridge over a stream near the camp which was prone to flooding. The operations by day and night continued, although constructive there seemed a lack of energy in the troops, probably due to the humidity of the valley, especially after the bracing air of Cramlington, or this could have been due to the vaccinations.

The company lettering was changed from ABCD to WXYZ respectfully.

In August training moved to No 1 camp Perham Down near Tidworth. The barracks at Perham Down were very comfortable and passes were freely issued and a social life developed. Much pioneer work was done entrenching, constructing roads etc. Training for maneuvers continued. Orders arrived to prepare for Egypt, but soon afterwards this was changed to France. Many men were on leave at Christmas but a concert and special dinner were provided for those who were left. Succeeding weeks were spent on intensive training with trench warfare the chief object.

On 28th January the journey to France began.”

Here’s a page from his diary during training, it’s about how to write orders.
C R Nicolson ww1 diary 010
 11th – 17th October 1915
Writing of orders all names to be printed in blocked capitals & where they book for etc also region town etc.
BEAUVOIS 200yds north E
Block letters BEAUVOIS

Out Posts
No. 1 Every body of troops when halted will be protected by outposts
No. 2 First duty reconnaissance 2nd Resistance
3rd Out Post infantry divided into piquets & supports. The piquets furnish sentry groups. Supports reinforce the piquets.
Lewis guns to sweep approach.
4th Least number of men possible used on out posts.
5th To see without being seen.

May 12/17
Capt. Cook
1st standing orders
2nd routine orders
3rd Operation orders
Standing orders are mapped out & liable to be slightly altered.
Routine orders noted for discipline, paying our ration, alterations
Operation orders. Mapping orders for divisions to move to if wanted, given by the army Co. Dates later issued & other divisions acquainted to the move, all copies of operation orders must be numbered and signed for, on immediate arrival as acknowledgement.

Posted in kiln fired art | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment